Selected Publications


Dover, T. L., Major, B., & Kaiser, C. R. (2020). Cardiovascular, behavioral and psychological responses to organizational prodiversity messages among racial/ethnic minorities. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 1-21. doi: 10.1177/1368430220944222. PDF

Gordon, A. M., Prather, A. A., Dover, T., Espino-Perez, K., Small, P., & Major, B. (2020). Anticipated and experienced ethnic/racial discrimination and sleep: A longitudinal study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1-12. doi: 10.1177/014616722C928859. PDF

Major, B., Rathbone, J. A., Blodorn, A., & Hunger, J. M. (2020). The countervailing effects of weight stigma on weight-loss motivation and perceived capacity for weight control. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1-13. doi: 10.1177/0146167220903184. PDF

Dover, T. L., Kaiser, C. R., & Major, B. (2020). Mixed signals: The unintended effects of diversity initiatives. Social Issues and Policy Review, 14. (1), 152-181. doi: 10.1111/sipr.12059. PDF


Dover, T. L., Major, B., & Glace, A. M. (2019). Discrimination, health, and the costs and benefits of believing in system fairness. Health Psychology, Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/hea0000841. PDF

Dover, T. L., Hunger, J. M. & Major, B. (2019). Health consequences of prejudice and discrimination. In K. Sweeny & M. Robins (Eds.), The Wiley Encyclopedia of Health Psychology.

Small, P. A. & Major, B. (2019). Crossing the racial line: The fluidity vs. fixedness of racial identity. Self and Identity, 1-26. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2019.1662839. PDF

McCleary-Gaddy, A. T., Miller, C. T., Grover, K. W., Hodge, J. J., & Major, B. (2019). Weight stigma and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis reactivity in individuals who are overweight. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53. (4), 392-398. doi: 10.1093/abm/kay042. PDF


Hunger, J. M., Blodorn, A., Miller, C. T., & Major, B. (2018). The psychological and physiological effects of interacting with an anti-fat peer. Body Image, 27., 148-155. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.09.002. PDF

Tomiyama, A. J., Carr, D., Granberg, E. M., Major, B., Robinson, E., Sutin, A. R., & Brewis, A. (2018). How and why weight stigma drives the obesity 'epidemic' and harms health. BMC Medicine, 16. (123). doi: 10.1186/s12916-018-116-5. PDF

Espino-Perez, K., Major, B., & Malta, B. (2018). Was it race or merit?: The cognitive costs of observing the attributionally ambiguous hiring of a racial minority. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 24. (2), 272-276. doi: 10.1037/cdp0000153. Link

Major, B., Dovidio, J. F., & Link, B. G. (Eds.). (2018). The Oxford Handbook of Stigma, Discrimination, and Health. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 

Major, B., Tomiyama, A. J., & Hunger, J. M. (2018). The negative and bidirectional effects of weight stigma on health. The Oxford Handbook of Stigma, Discrimination, and Health, 499-519. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190243470.013.27. PDF


West, T. V., Koslov, K., Page-Gould, E., Major, B., & Mendes, W. B. (2017). Contagious anxiety: Anxious European Americans can transmit their physiological reactivity to African Americans. Psychological Science, 28. (12), 1796-1806. doi: 10.1177/0956797617722551. PDF

Ryan, W. S., Hunger, J. M., & Major, B. (2017). Applying intergroup relations research to understanding LGB health disparities. Journal of Social Issues, 73. (3), 477-492. doi: 10.1111/josi.12227. PDF

Major, B. & Kaiser, C. R. (2017). Ideology and the maintenance of group inequality. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 20. (5), 582–592. doi: 10.1177/1368430217712051. PDF

Hoyt, C. L., Burnette, J. L., Auster-Gussman, L., & Major, B. (2017). The obesity stigma asymmetry model: The indirect and divergent effects of blame and changeability beliefs on anti-fat prejudice. Stigma and Health, 2. (1), 53-65. doi: 10.1037/sah0000026. PDF


Major, B., Blodorn, A., & Blascovich, G. M. (2016). The threat of increasing diversity: Why many White Americans support Trump in the 2016 presidential election. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 21. (6), 931-940. doi: 10.1177/1368430216677304. PDF

Dover, T., Kaiser, C.R. & Major, B. (2016). Diversity policies rarely make companies fairer, and they feel threatening to white men. Harvard Business Review. 4 January 2016. Link

Dover, T., Major, B., & Kaiser, C.R. (2016). Members of high-status groups are threatened by pro-diversity organizational messages. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 62, 58-67. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2015.10.006 PDF

Blodorn, A., Major, B., Hunger, J.M. & Miller, C.T. (2016). Unpacking the psychological weight of weight stigma: A rejection-expectation pathway. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 63, 69-76. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2015.12.003 

Major, B., Kunstman, J., Malta, B. D., Sawyer, P., Townsend, S. & Mendes, W. B. (2016). Suspicion of motives predicts minorities’ responses to positive feedback in interracial interactions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 62, 75-88. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2015.10.007 PDF


Dover, T. L., Major, B., Kunstman, J. W., & Sawyer, P. J. (2015). Does unfairness feel different if it can be linked to group membership? Cognitive, affective, behavioral and physiological implications of discrimination and unfairness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 56, 96-103. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2014.09.003. Link

Hunger, J.M., Major, B., Blodorn, A. & Miller, C. (2015). Weighed down by stigma: How weight-based social identity threat contributes to weight gain and poor health. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 9, 255-268. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12172 PDF

Hunger, J.M. & Major, B. (2015). Weight stigma mediates the association between BMI and self-reported health. Health Psychology, 34, 172-175. doi: 10.1037/hea0000106 Link


Dover, T., Major, B. & Kaiser, C. R. (2014). Diversity initiatives, status, and system-justifying beliefs: When and how diversity efforts de-legitimize discrimination claims. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 17, 485-493. doi: 10.1177/1368430213502560 PDF

Major, B., Hunger, J.M., Bunyan, D., & Miller, C.T. (2014). The ironic effects of weight stigma. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 51, 74-80. PDF


Kaiser, C.R., Major, B., Jurcevic, I., Dover, T., Brady, L.M., & Shapiro, J.R. (2013). Presumed fair: Ironic effects of organizational diversity structures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104 504-519. PDF

Major, B., Mendes, W.B. & Dovidio, J. (2013). Intergroup relations and health disparities: A social psychological perspective. Health Psychology, 32, 514–524. doi: 10.1037/a0030358 Link

Major, B., Sawyer, P.J., & Kunstman, J.W. (2013) Minority perceptions of Whites' motives for responding without prejudice: The perceived internal and external motivation to avoid prejudice scales. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 401-414. PDF


Sawyer, P.J., Major, B., Casad, B., Townsend, SSM, & Mendes, WB. (2012). Discrimination and the stress response: Psychological and physiological consequences of anticipating prejudice in interracial interactions. American Journal of Public Health, 102, 1020-1026. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300620 PDF

Major, B., Eliezer, D. & Rieck, H. (2012). The psychological weight of weight stigma. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 651-658. PDF

O’Brien, L.T., Major, B. & Simon, S. (2012). Why did you choose that person over me? Ingroup rejection and attributions to discrimination. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 1225-1233. PDF


Townsend, S.S.M., Major, B., Gangi, C. E. & Mendes W.B. (2011). From “in the air” to “under the skin”: Cortisol responses to social identity threat. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 151-164. PDF


Townsend, S.S.M., Major, B., Sawyer, P.J. & Mendes, W.B. (2010). Can the absence of prejudice be more threatening than its presence? It depends on one’s worldview. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 99, 933-947. doi: 10.1037/a0020434 PDF

Major, B. & Eliezer, D. (2010). Attributions to discrimination as a self-protective strategy: Evaluating the evidence. In C. Sedikides & M. Alicke (Eds.) Handbook of self-enhancement and self-protection. Guilford. Link

Eliezer, D., Major, B. & Mendes, W.B. (2010). The costs of caring: Gender identification increases threat following exposure to sexism. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 159-165. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.09.015. PDF


Major, B., Appelbaum, M., Beckman, L., Dutton, M.A., Russo, N. F. & West, C. (2009). Abortion and mental health: Evaluating the evidence. American Psychologist, 64, 863-890. doi: 10.1037/a0017497 PDF


American Psychological Association, Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion. (2008). Report of the Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion. Washington, DC: Author. PDF

Mendes, W. B., Major, B., McCoy, S., & Blascovich, J. (2008). How attributional ambiguity shapes physiological and emotional responses to social rejection and acceptance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 278-291. Link

O'Brien, L., Kinias, Z., & Major, B. (2008). How status and stereotypes impact attributions to discrimination: The stereotype-asymmery hypothesis. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 405-412. PDF


McCoy, S. K. & Major, B. (2007). Priming meritocracy and the psychological justification of inequality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 341-351. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2006.04.009 Link

Major, B., Kaiser, C.R, O’Brien, L. & McCoy, S. (2007). Perceived discrimination as worldview threat or worldview confirmation: Implications for self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 1068-1086. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.92.6.1068 PDF


Kaiser, C.R., Vick, S.B., & Major, B. (2006). Prejudice expectations moderate preconscious attention to social identity threatening cues. Psychological Science, 17, 332-338. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01707.x.


Major, B., & O'Brien, L. T. (2005). The social psychology of stigma. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 393-421. PDF


Crocker, J. & Major, B. (2003). The self-protective properties of stigma: Evolution of a modern classic. Psychological Inquiry, 14. (3&4), 232-237. doi: 10.1080/1047840X.2003.9682885. PDF

Major, B., McCoy, S. K., Kaiser, C.R., & Quinton, W.J. (2003). Prejudice and self esteem: A transactional model. European Review of Social Psychology, 14. (1), 77-104. doi: 10.1080/10463280340000027. PDF

McCoy, S. K., & Major, B. (2003). Group identification moderates emotional responses to perceived prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29. (8), 1005-1017. doi: 10.1177/0146167203253466. PDF


Major, B., Quinton, W. J., & McCoy, S. K. (2002). Antecedents and consequences of attributions to discrimination: Theoretical and empirical advances. In M.P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol.34), pp. 251-330. US: Academic Press. PDF


Mendes, W.B., Blascovich, J., Major, B., & Seery, M. (2001). Challenge and threat responses during downward and upward social comparisons. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 477-497. PDF


Major, B., Spencer, S., Schmader, T., Wolfe, C., & Crocker, J. (1998). Coping with negative stereotypes about intellectual performance: The role of psychological disengagement. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24. (1), 34-50. doi: 10.1177/0146167298241003. PDF


Crocker, J. & Major, B. (1989). Social stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma. Psychological Review, 96. (4), 608-630. PDF


Deaux, K., & Major, B. (1987). Putting gender into context: An interactive model of gender-related behavior. Psychological Review, 94. (3), 369–389. PDF